Most people live under the assumption that Slavery got outlawed in the 1900s and, that is the end of it. However, the industry just went underground and became a highly profitable business for organised crime.
As we end 2021, the Republic of South Africa has multiple unprecedented crises brought on by the global health pandemic COVID-19. That brought about higher unemployment rates, fundamental racial and monetary imbalances and a developing question in open foundations.
It has led to children and adults being more susceptible to Human Traffickers who use lies and deception to attract and entrap their victims. Around the world, practically 20% of all human trafficking victims are children. Also, in certain parts of Africa and the Mekong region, children are up to 100% in parts of West Africa.
Human trafficking for forced labour or sexual exploitation is the third largest crime industry worldwide. Therefore, falling behind the drugs and arms trafficking in 2018 and 2019.
However, in separating criminality compared with ten criminal business sectors in 2021, the worldwide normal was marginally lower at a threshold of 4.65, with human trafficking falling highest worldwide at 5.58.
Therefore, the illegal exploitation of humans via trafficking them to work as modern-day slaves fell in the top five as the number one global criminal business sector worldwide.
After the trafficking and selling of children and adults, the unlawful sale of drugs like cannabis and arms dealing is the second and third most profitable business sector with worldwide midpoints of 5.10 and 4.92, separately.
So to help stop the human trafficking problem we, need to work together as a global community to report any suspicious behaviour observed or suspected that a person may be a victim of traffickers or is working as a modern-day slave.
As a result, the recursive feedback loop of exploitation has become a never-ending cycle through the failure of police to apprehend criminal king/queen pins at its source and their continual arresting of the middlemen and their victims.
It results, in the victims of exploitation ending up as exploiters to end or escape their ongoing exploitation by the trafficker.
So even though rescue and rehabilitation are undoubtedly crucial elements of anti-trafficking. By educating the general public on human trafficking effectively, it helps to reduce or prevent the problem.
Additionally, by attacking the causes such as poverty and unemployment, etc. It is achievable by raising awareness of the risks, thereby making the recruitment of victims more difficult for traffickers.
Scoring Thresholds – Criminality
So make 2021 and 2022 the years where the selling of human beings is no longer acceptable.
UNODC, Comprehensive study on cybercrime, February 2013, https://www.unodc.org/documents/ organized-crime/UNODC_CCPCJ_EG.4_2013/ CYBERCRIME_STUDY_210213.pdf.
UNODC, Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, 2020, https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/tip/2021/GLOTiP_2020_15jan_web.pdf.
Initiative, G., 2021. [online] Globalinitiative.net. Available at: https://globalinitiative.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/The-Global-Illicit-Economy-GITOC-Low.pdf
Initiative, G., 2021. [online] Globalinitiative.net. Available at: https://globalinitiative.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/enact_report.pdf
Blog Authored by: Shalati Sithole – Member of Awareness for Child Trafficking (ACT Africa)
A GUIDE TO THE TIERS
Countries whose governments fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.
Tier 2 Watch List
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards, and for which:
the estimated number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing and the country is not taking proportional concrete actions; or
there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of trafficking crimes, increased assistance to victims, and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials.
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
**South Africa downgraded to Tier 2 Watchlist**
GBVF and Human Trafficking has been steadily increasing over the past 5 years but more so since Covid-19 Pandemic. The consequence of lockdown being a major economic downturn, which resultantly impacted very negatively on Socio-Economic conditions plundering many into poverty making people vulnerable to the evils of Human Trafficking and GBVF and thus the statistics of these atrocities have spiked since.
GBVF is South Africa’s second Pandemic and in fact, the rest of the world is not far off from this. Domestic Violence has especially increased during the Covid-19 lockdown as frustration and depression levels have maximised. Forced Labour and sex trafficking have increased as Traffickers thrive in situations like the world is experiencing with Covid-19 by preying on peoples vulnerabilities.
In the past month alone, to mention a few amongst many cases of human trafficking. Three weeks ago in Sandton 3 girls were rescued from sex trafficking. They were being held in an apartment after being lured from Upington to Sandton and used for prostitution. Last week a 13-year-old was rescued from sex trafficking too in the Vaal area. She was allegedly kidnapped and about to be sold to a human trafficking syndicate by her step-mother and step-grandmother for R40 million. In East London, 3 weeks ago, a 13-year-old down syndrome girl and a 15-year-old boy was rescued from sex trafficking after their mother sold them to two shop owners in Keiskammahoek. In all these cases perpetrators have been arrested.
Gender-Based Violence cases in the past month to mention a few. Last week, ACT Africa received two calls for help against extreme domestic violence in less than 5 days. In both cases, alcohol was a huge driver and the men after being intoxicated became very abusive towards their wives, threatening to kill them. Last week Thursday a woman was beaten and burnt to death in Walkerville. Two weeks ago in Kwazulu Natal an 11-year-old was allegedly raped by her teacher in the toilet and threatened to be killed if she reported the matter to anyone. Lerato Nkadimeng was brutally murdered by her ex-boyfriend, her funeral was on 6 June 2021.
The Press Conference held at The Maslow Hotel in Sandton on 24 June, highlighted programmes to help men, offered by some of the organisations participating at the International Men’s Gender-Based Violence Conference on 18 September, which aims to address these atrocities by together with the men attending to find tangible solutions to break these cycles and to provide at the conference help for perpetrators and abused to receive the needed help from the various organisations present like NICDAM, SADAG, SANCA, FAN, MADA and Come Back Mission for continued assistance to break the cycle of abuse in their lives.
Police said the mother was aware of the girl’s ordeal. However, she took no action against the perpetrator, and instead, gave the girl R100 from the perpetrator to silence her, the teen was told that she was going to Gauteng to visit a family friend.
“The girl was told that the friend would buy her clothes, a cellphone, and a gold tooth. When she arrived in Johannesburg, she was introduced to some men,”…”At the house, she witnessed this man giving her relative some money…rescued by two girls who knew her from the area where she lived.
“They took her back home. When she arrived home, she was scared to inform anyone what occurred to her. She later formed courage to report the incident at Elandslagte SAPS Police station and charges of human trafficking and rape were opened for investigation”….@actafrica It is inexcusable what this mum did to her daughter. However, this smacks of the desperation of some kind for the Mum to sell her daughter for a meager R100.00.
Human Trafficking is a multibillion-dollar industry, often hovering between being 2nd or 3rd largest income earner worldwide. She could have sold her for way more but settled for a lousy R100.00.. which is a common occurrence in our experience. Those men paid the Mum R100.00 but I can lay my head on a block, they prostituted her for way more. So, this is quite common, Human Trafficking happens under our noses. Desperation leads to Vulnerability and Traffickers prey on this.
COVID-19 has plunged many into desperate vulnerable situations, unfortunately. WE ALL NEED TO HELP TO
#stoprape @actafrica is COMMITTED to doing whatever we can to end these vicious cycles by being proactive and not reactive. Should you wish to assist us please click on the link below to donatehttps://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafricaYour support is appreciated
Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa ACT Africa our New Years Eve preparing Food Relief Packs, masks and sanitisers for delivery to the needy on New Years Day. We give God All the Glory and Thank Him that we are able to Bless many families going through the most and provide them with some relief.🙏🏾💖 Thank You to our sponsor AIDS Healthcare Foundation for your assistance, much appreciated 🌟🌟💟
Should you wish to assist us please click on the link below to donate
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