CHILD TRAFFICKING AND THE IMPACT OF ARMED CONFLICT

CHILD TRAFFICKING AND THE IMPACT OF ARMED CONFLICT

Global Conflict Fuels Exploitation

As the conflict in Israel-Gaza continues, we are reminded of the devastating impact of conflict zones on civilians, in particular, the increased incidence of child trafficking and sexual violence. The number of countries experiencing violent conflict is the highest it has been in the last 30 years, resulting in the displacement of 30 million children. In 2022, 468 million children worldwide lived in areas affected by armed conflict. This had increased from a 2021 report, which stated that of the 426 million children living in conflict areas at the time, 1 in 6 were living near armed groups that perpetrated sexual violence against them. In 2022, Africa was the region with the greatest number of children affected by conflict, with about 180 million children living in conflict zones. 35 armed conflicts are currently occurring in Africa alone. Armed conflicts have terrible,wide ranging impacts on people, with many children, globally, experiencing grave-violations of their rights. Child trafficking, listed by the UN as one of the grave violations committed against children, is greatly exacerbated by armed conflict, with child abductions, reported in 2021, being the highest since recording began in 2005.

Figure 1: The 10 worst conflict affected countries for children 2021 (Save the Children, 2022)

 

People trafficking can occur for a number of reasons, including: sexual exploitation, sexual slavery, forced marriage, forced labour, and trafficking of children into armed groups. Despite trafficking occurring in many forms, it always involves the exploitation of people. Various factors perpetuate trafficking, such as: state collapse, the deterioration of rule of law, forced displacement, humanitarian need and socioeconomic stress, social fragmentation and family breakdown. Of course, all of these factors are common occurrences in countries experiencing armed conflict. Trafficking can affect people fleeing war zones as well as those who remain. Refugees and people using migrant smugglers are particularly at risk of exploitation. In some cases, children are sent alone by parents or relatives, making them extremely vulnerable. Those that remain in conflict zones are also at risk of trafficking, particularly by armed groups who may use trafficking to increase their military power and economic resources.

 Photo: Apsatou Bagaya / Save the Children

 

There have been a number of horrific cases documented in North Africa in recent years, of trafficking of people, including children, living in conflict zones. In 2016, hundreds of women were abducted by Sudan’s People Liberation Army and sexually enslaved. In the Horn of Africa, armed groups have forced girls into sexual slavery and used boys as child soldiers. In Central Africa, armed groups have used human trafficking for forced labour. In Mali, in 2020, armed groups trafficked children for labour in gold mines. Trafficking cases of people from Israel-Palestine and Ukraine, document the dangers people face when trying to flee a conflict zone. In Israel-Palestine, 493,000 women and girls have already been displaced from their homes since the recent conflict erupted.

People trying to cross military checkpoints are often exploited by traffickers while seeking the aid of smugglers. In Ukraine, over 8.13 million people have fled the country since the war began. Crowds of people gathering at border crossings are falling victim to criminals pretending to offer help and transport. The current conflict has exacerbated a pre-existing problem of trafficking of Ukrainian people. However, despite many horrific incidents still occurring, Ukraine has also become a good example of what the international community can achieve with regards to supporting those affected by war.

 

 Photo: Vanja/AdobeStock.com

Temporary protection schemes and visa-free entry for Ukrainians to almost all European countries have significantly reduced the need, for those fleeing war, to use migrant smugglers. Temporary protection status provides the holder with a number of rights that improves their resilience to trafficking and other abuses. The Ukraine conflict has also experienced far greater media coverage than other conflict zones, likely increasing the international response and support. Looking to other conflicts, there is much that can be done by the international community and learnt from the response to Ukraine. People must insist that their leaders take action to protect children trapped in war zones.

Communities in conflict-affected areas must be supported to create protective environments. Safe means of passage must be provided for refugees and those fleeing conflict zones. The transfer of military equipment must be prevented to areas where they may be used to facilitate violence against children and civilians. Finally, global awareness of ongoing conflicts must remain present so that support and aid continues to be delivered where it is needed the most, and the occurrence of atrocities such as child traffickingi s greatly reduced.

How to Help Refugee Children Globally | ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/how-to-help-refugee-children-globally/

References

  1. https://www.savethechildren.org/us/charity-stories/worst-conflict-affected-countries-to-be-a-child
  1. https://www.savethechildren.org/content/dam/usa/reports/swoc-report-the-forgotton-ones -2022.pdf
  1. https://www.unodc.org/romena/en/Stories/2022/November/palestine_-paving-the-way-to- end-human-trafficking.html
  1. https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/2018/GloTIP2018_BOOKLET_2_Conflict.pdf
  1. https://www.ohchr.org/en/statements/2022/07/trafficking-persons-conflict-situations-world-must-strengthen-prevention-and
  1. https://www.un.org/unispal/document/un-women-report-reveals-devastating-impact-of-the-crisis-in-gaza-on-women-and-girls/
  1. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2022/mar/12/children-going-missing-amid-chaos-at-ukraine-border-report-aid-groups-refugees
  1. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2022-03-12/human-trafficking-fears-as-refugees-flee-war-in-ukraine/100905686
  1. https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/tip/Conflict_Ukraine_TIP_2022.pdf
  2. https://www.savethechildren.net/news/1-6-children-living-conflict-zones-risk-sexual-violence-armed-groups
  1. https://www.unicef.org/children-under-attack
  2. https://www.unhcr.org/news/news-releases/child-trafficking-mali-increasing-because-conflict-and-covid-19
  1. https://geneva-academy.ch/galleries/today-s-armed-conflicts
  2. https://www.ibanet.org/Ukraine-Refugee-crisis-emphasises-need-for-coordinated-international-response/
  3. https://sherloc.unodc.org/cld/en/education/tertiary/tip-and-som/module-7/key-issues/root-causes.html

Researched and Written by Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa) – Tommy Ekers

 

#Letslookafterourchildren #parenting #endchildabuse #endchildtrafficking #endgenderbasedviolence

#CHOOSEPEACENOTWAR!

“EVIL PREVAILS WHEN GOOD PEOPLE DO NOTHING *

Should you wish to donate to help us fight and break the cycles of these vicious atrocities of Human Trafficking and Gender based Violence especially during these perilous times and far into the future, You will be assisting and enabling us to fulfil  our mission to Save Lives Through Awareness and Education.

#Donate today How To Take Advantage of Tax-Deductible Donations to Charities

Your donation will be used for the sustainability of our projects and the organisation.

Our banking details are:

Account holder: Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)

Bank:  First National Bank

Account Number:62827188237

Branch Code 256055

Swift Code FIRNZAJJ

Email Proof of Donation to accounts@actafrica.org.za

OR

Click on the link below

https://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafric

Copyright © 2022 ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/terms-and-conditions/

 

NATIONAL CHILD PROTECTION WEEK 2023 (SOUTH AFRICA) WITHIN 365 DAYS OF CHILD PROTECTION GLOBALLY

NATIONAL CHILD PROTECTION WEEK 2023 (SOUTH AFRICA) WITHIN 365 DAYS OF CHILD PROTECTION GLOBALLY

29 May to 5 June

Theme: “Let us Protect Children during COVID-19 and Beyond”

 

Children in South Africa live in a society with a Constitution that has the highest regard for their rights and for the equality and dignity of everyone. Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse is not only a basic value but also an obligation clearly set out in Article 28 of the South African Constitution.

Get help

The Department of Social Development has a pilot a 24-hour call centre dedicated to provide support and counselling to victims of gender-based violence:

  • The toll-free number to call is 0800 428 428 (0800 GBV GBV) to speak to a social worker for assistance and counselling.
  • Callers can also request a social worker from the Command Centre to contact them by dialling *120*7867# (free) from any cell phone.

You can also get help at:

  • Childline South Africa: 116
  • Child Welfare South Africa: 0861 4 CHILD (24453) / 011 452-4110 / e-mail: info@childwelfaresa.org.za

https://www.gov.za/ChildProtectionWeek2023#:~:text=Child%20Protection%20Week%202023%2029%20May%20to%205,and%20Children%27s%20Act%20%28Act%20No.%2038%20of%202005%29.

 

#childprotection

#endchildabuse

#endchildtrafficking

 

“EVIL PREVAILS WHEN GOOD PEOPLE DO NOTHING *

Should you wish to donate to help us fight and break the cycles of these vicious atrocities of Human Trafficking and Gender based Violence especially during these perilous times and far into the future, You will be assisting and enabling us to fulfil  our mission to Save Lives Through Awareness and Education.

#Donate today How To Take Advantage of Tax-Deductible Donations to Charities

Your donation will be used for the sustainability of our projects and the organisation.

Our banking details are:

Account holder: Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)

Bank:  First National Bank

Account Number:62827188237

Branch Code 256055

Swift Code FIRNZAJJ

Email Proof of Donation to accounts@actafrica.org.za

OR

Click on the link below

https://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafric

Copyright © 2022 ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/terms-and-conditions/

Global Slavery Index 2023

Global Slavery Index 2023

What is the Global Slavery Index?

 

It is a Global Study of Modern Slavery which presents a thoroughly researched, detailed picture of modern-day slavery published by the Minderoo Foundation’s Walk Free Initiative. The 2023 edition gives an assessment of the extent to which countries populations are vulnerable to modern day slavery and human rights are at risk of violation across 160 countries especially during crisis times which the world is experiencing like Covid-19 Pandemic, Climate Change, Armed Conflict, Poverty…

Which countries are at risk…

 

Please Click Here to Access the Report in Detail

 

Africa…

Estimated 7 million people living in modern day slavery…

 

Please Click Here for the findings on Africa

 

We can Break the Chains of Modern-Day Slavery- It starts with you and me and by being aware and informed of what is happening and the impact thereof in order to take positive steps to eradicate this evil.

#ENDHUMANTRAFFICKING

#ENDMODERNDAYSLAVERY

#PROTECTHUMANRIGHTS

“EVIL PREVAILS WHEN GOOD PEOPLE DO NOTHING”

Should you wish to donate to help us fight and break the cycles of these vicious atrocities of Human Trafficking and Gender based Violence especially during these perilous times and far into the future, You will be assisting and enabling us to fulfill our mission to Save Lives Through Awareness and Education.

#Donate today How To Take Advantage of Tax-Deductible Donations to Charities

Your donation will be used for the sustainability of our projects and the organisation.

Our banking details are:

Account holder: Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)

Bank:  First National Bank

Account Number:62827188237

Branch Code 256055

Swift Code FIRNZAJJ

Email Proof of Donation to accounts@actafrica.org.za

OR

Click on the link below

https://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafric

 

Copyright © 2022 ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/terms-and-conditions/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHITE FLAG WEDNESDAY

WHITE FLAG WEDNESDAY

 WAVE YOUR WHITE FLAG AGAINST GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE & FEMOCIDE AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING

ACT Africa  has started White Flag Wednesday, starting 15 March 2023 which we would like the public everywhere globally to participate in by waving a white flag or white clothe against GBVF & Human Trafficking, which has increased sharply especially since Covid-19 lockdown and other disasters ( Ukraine War, Civil Wars,  Climate Change – flooding & droughts.  Earthquakes, Political upheavel & Instability, Corruption & Greed)  which has resulted in Socio- Economic downturn globally and thrown people into desperation to survive and resultantly exposing raw vulnerabilities. This has fuelled and attributed to people falling prey as victims and or perpetrators of GBVF & Human Trafficking.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING!

16 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST WOMEN & CHILD ABUSE WITHIN 365 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST GBV&F- 25 NOV TO 10 DEC

There is so much violence, hurt and pain which is worsening by the minute. Our children bear the brunt especially of all this and the vicious cycles continue as our children learn all this  negativity and dysfunction.

The White Flag represents SURRENDER / TRUCE  to STOP THE VIOLENCE and CHOOSE PEACE…

It is up to us to make a positive difference and make the right choices for ourselves and especially our children….Remember, They Are The Future, Let it be Positive, Peaceful & Prosperous…

#whiteflagwednesday #waveyourwhiteflag #endgenderbasedviolence #endhumantrafficking

“EVIL PREVAILS WHEN GOOD PEOPLE DO NOTHING”

Should you wish to donate to help us fight and break the cycles of these vicious atrocities of Human Trafficking and Gender based Violence especially during these perilous times and far into the future, You will be assisting and enabling us to fulfill our mission to Save Lives Through Awareness and Education.

#Donate today How To Take Advantage of Tax-Deductible Donations to Charities

Your donation will be used for the sustainability of our projects and the organisation.

Our banking details are:

Account holder: Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)

Bank:  First National Bank

Account Number:62827188237

Branch Code 256055

Swift Code FIRNZAJJ

Email Proof of Donation to accounts@actafrica.org.za

OR

Click on the link below

https://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafric

 

Copyright © 2022 ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/terms-and-conditions/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST WOMEN & CHILD ABUSE WITHIN 365 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST GBV&F- 25 NOV TO 10 DEC

16 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST WOMEN & CHILD ABUSE WITHIN 365 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST GBV&F- 25 NOV TO 10 DEC

ACT AFRICA’S STANCE IS 365 DAYS OF ACTIVISM AGAINST ABUSE OF CHILDREN, WOMEN & MEN

What is your take?  What does the 16 days of activism mean to you?

These are very pertinent questions as for many they have given up…yes given up on winning this war against Gender-Based Violence & Femocide especially as we see statistics worldwide worsening. In South Africa the latest quarterly crime statistics up to September 2022 released by our Minister of SAPS Bheki Cele is horrifying to say the least – https://www.citizen.co.za/news/south-africa/crime/crime-stats-wrap-women-and-children-november-2022/     https://www.msn.com/en-za/news/other/crime-stats-violent-crimes-rise-alarmingly/ar-AA14uinq  https://www.2oceansvibe.com/2022/11/24/sa-has-a-new-kidnapping-capital/

So, we know, this crisis situation affects economies negatively because our society is dysfunctional which means us as human beings are dysfunctional too and thus cannot perform optimally in jobs, our businesses and our children at school.

There are a multitude of organisations fighting GBV&F, Human Trafficking and basically crime in general yet we still see the situation worsening. What are we not doing or What are we missing? Is it Governments responsibility entirely to eradicate these evils? Will the most perfect laws implemented change people’s negative mindsets and behaviour which fuel these atrocities? The worsening crime statistics could also mean though that people are breaking the silence by reporting and opening up cases against perpetrators which is good on the other hand and thus the rot is coming to the fore. However, this has to start decreasing not because of lack of reporting but because GBV&F, Human Trafficking and all other forms of crime have truly decreased and has to happen as a matter of extreme urgency.

What are the solutions? Should we as individuals not be doing introspection on our contribution towards this worsening situation and take responsibility and be accountable for our contribution as supposed to blame shifting and pointing the finger elsewhere for solutions? Scary thought right but it is fact…

In the meanwhile, whilst we are all doing introspection, finding solutions and trying to implement them we need to protect ourselves against perpetrators of violence, be it GBV& F, Human Trafficking or any other kind of violence and to do so without us ending up on the wrong side of the law as best as we can.

So, there are a few options like equipping yourself with self-defense skills, obtaining gas guns, pepper spray etc. We will not encourage obtaining a licensed gun which shoots real bullets as we support the Guns Down drive.  You can however purchase a security emergency panic device which will provide you with armed security should you need it and we encourage you to invest in yourself and your family’s protection by obtaining a security panic device. ACT Africa in partnership with the Automobile Association promotes the highly rated and recommended Rem-i Amica Device and Emergency Security App – see links below

https://www.actafrica.org.za/act-africa-in-partnership-with-the-automobile-association-of-south-africa/                                                      https://www.actafrica.org.za/news/                                                                                                                                                             https://my.aa.co.za/promo/act                                                                                                                                                                                  https://aa.co.za/emergency-services-act/

Please do what you can to keep yourself and your family safe in these very dangerous times we are living in and do whatever you can to prevent and stop GBV&F, Human Trafficking, Kidnapping and all forms of violence from escalating, keeping us hostage and stopping all of us especially our children from leading normal, functional positive and prosperous lives.

“EVIL PREVAILS WHEN GOOD PEOPLE DO NOTHING”

Should you wish to donate to help us fight and break the cycles of these vicious atrocities of Human Trafficking and Gender based Violence especially during these perilous times and far into the future, You will be assisting and enabling us to fulfill our mission to Save Lives Through Awareness and Education.

#Donate today How To Take Advantage of Tax-Deductible Donations to Charities

Your donation will be used for the sustainability of our projects and the organisation.

Our banking details are:

Account holder: Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)

Bank:  First National Bank

Account Number:62827188237

Branch Code 256055

Swift Code FIRNZAJJ

Email Proof of Donation to accounts@actafrica.org.za

OR

Click on the link below

https://www.payfast.co.za/donate/go/awarenessforchildtraffickingafricaactafric

 

Copyright © 2022 ACT Africa

https://www.actafrica.org.za/terms-and-conditions/

 

 

REACH OUT AND READ IN PARTNERSHIP WITH AWARENESS FOR CHILD TRAFFICKING AFRICA (ACT AFRICA)

REACH OUT AND READ IN PARTNERSHIP WITH AWARENESS FOR CHILD TRAFFICKING AFRICA (ACT AFRICA)

Reading as a Tool to Combat Social Ills

Reach out and Read offers reading programs for kids in schools categorized as lower quantile schools in Western Cape, South Africa.

In our program, we focus on kids in the foundation phase, grades 1-3, and age group 7–9 years old.

According to our initial evaluation, 45-55% of kids in classrooms have a reading disability, which means 180 kids need our help per school.

There is a high rate of children struggling to read due to GBV&F, Human Trafficking and Gangsterism – the trauma that children suffer as a result of abuse including sexual molestation, physical assaults, violence, gangsterism, substance abuse and the use of children as human shields.

By providing kids with a safe place where guidance and recognition are given, we assist in preventing and breaking the cycles of GBV&F,Human Trafficking and Gangsterism.

As per http://How Reading Books Improves Social Skills – Education Connection (education-connection.org)– see below extract…

Reading books (particularly fiction) increases empathy

The ability to step inside another’s mind, to feel what they feel and understand their thoughts, seems an insurmountable concept. Adults have a hard time explaining how it works, so imagine how much harder it is for children. In fact, children are not born with the ability to feel empathy. They learn this skill through social interaction with family, their peers, and society in general. Luckily, books can help with that. Research shows that reading fiction puts us in the mind of another person, allows us to experience every challenge, feel every emotion, and triumph over adversities right alongside our favorite characters. This direct immersion in another person’s mind stimulates systems in the brain,and develops the ability to empathize with other human beings.

Reading books enhances social problem-solving

In addition to learning empathy, books provide an endless supply of social interaction examples from which to learn. Scenes full of character dialogue show children effective – and ineffective – ways to handle conflict in a variety of situations. It allows children to experience a range of moods and emotions they aren’t likely to experience in everyday life. Experiencing these emotions in a “safe” environment allows the child to think about how they might react in a similar situation, preparing them for future interactions. This makes their emotional development more well-rounded and mature.

11 Scientifically Proven Benefits of Reading

  1. It makes you smarter
  2. It makes you more creative
  3. It makes you happier
  4. It makes you more empathetic
  5. It takes away your stress
  6. Protects your memory
  7. Can help prevent Alzheimer’s
  8. It can make you live longer
  9. Improves school performance
  10. Improves your math skills
  11. Reading to children improves their vocabulary

https://www.infobooks.org/blog/benefits-of-reading/#11

 

#read #endgenderbasedviolence #endhumantrafficking #endgangsterism #education #saveourchildren

Co-Author: Dirk Greef-Cronje – Director at Reach Out and Read                                                                                                                                                  Co-Author: Hilary Leong – Chairperson at Awareness for Child Trafficking Africa (ACT Africa)